Coyote

Coyote

(Canis latrans)

Conservation Status:

Least Concern

Origin:

North America and into Central America

Lifespan:

6 to 8 years

Size:

Average adult male weighs 18 to 44 lbs

Average adult female weighs 15 to 40 lbs

Diet:

Omnivore

They are opportunistic feeders. They prefer meat, but will eat fruits and vegetation when food is scarce.

The meat they may eat include deer, rabbits, hares, rodents, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, and invertebrates.

Activity:

Crepuscular

Reproduction:

Basic social unit of a coyote pack is a family containing a reproductive female.

A single female in heat can attract up to 7 males, they may follow her for as long as a month.

Once a pair mates, they are strictly monogamous.

Females that fail to mate sometimes assist their sisters or mothers in raising the pups.

The gestation period is 63 days.

Average litter size is 6.

The male plays an active role in raising and feeding the pups, but will abandon the pups if the female goes missing.

Pups will, generally, leave the family in August.

Extra Facts:

Canis latrans means “barking dog”.

Coyote’s body language is a cross between foxes and wolves.

Fights amongst females tend to be more serious than between males because females fight on all four paws.

Males fight on their hind legs.

There are 11 different vocalizations.

A coyote can walk 3 to 10 miles per day.

Most coyote attacks are actually by a hybrid of the species, such as coydogs or coywolves.