Raccoon

Raccoon

(Procyon lotor)

Conservation status:

Least Concern

Origin:

North America and Central America

They are invasive to Europe and Japan, due to importation as pets.

Lifespan:

In the wild, 2-3 years

In captivity, up to 20 years

Size:

Adults can weigh 11 to 60 lbs

Diet:

Omnivore

40% invertebrates, 33% plant material, and 27% vertebrates

Activity:

Nocturnal

Reproduction:

Breeding season is usually between January and mid-March. In warmer places, it extends to June.

The young are called kits or cubs.

Gestation is about 63 days.

The average litter size is 2 to 5 kits, they born blind and deaf.

Males have no part in rearing the young.

Their ear canals typically open 18 to 23 days, only a few days before their eyes.

The kits start eating solids around 6 to 9 weeks. They are weaned by 16 weeks.

Young are independent at 12-14 months of age.

Extra facts:

They have excellent memory and are very intelligent.

They are known to wash their food.

Raccoons will have multiple den sites.

They have over 50 different vocalizations.

Raccoons can run at 15 mph.

Kits are born with the recognizable black mask and rings around their tails.

There are many color variations. Such as gray, black, leucitic, albino, etc.

A group of raccoons are called a nursery.