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Black Rat Snake & Gray Rat Snake

Pantherophis obsoletus

Origin: Central North America

Size: Adults average between three to six feet

  • Females tend to be longer than males

  • Record length is 8ft 5in making it the longest snake native to North America

Lifespan: eight to ten years in the wild. Up to thirty years in captivity

Diet: Carnivore, a constrictor species, they suffocate their prey by coiling around the animal and tightening until the prey can no longer breath

  • Snake swallows its prey whole

  • Some prey species include frogs, lizards, chipmunks, squirrels, small rabbits, opossums, birds, eggs, mice, rats, etc.

Activity: Diurnal during the fall and spring but becomes more nocturnal during the summer. they hibernate during the winter months

Reproduction: Breeding season is in late May and early June

  • Five weeks after mating, the female lays about 12 to 20 eggs

  • Eggs are three to five cm long and have a soft leathery shell

  • Eggs hatch about 65 to 70 days later in August /October

  • Hatchlings are 11 to 16 in long

  • As they grow their color turns more dark


Extra Facts: When threatened Black Rat Snakes will rustle leaves to imitate a rattlesnake


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