Canis latrans

Origin: North America and Central America

Lifespan: six to eight years

Size: Average adult male weighs 18 to 44lbs

Diet: Omnivorous

  •  Opportunistic feeders.

  • Preference for meat but will eat fruits and vegetation when food is scarce

  • Meat preferences consist of deer, rabbits, rodents, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish and inverts

Activity: Crepuscular

Reproduction: Coyote pack consists of reproductive females

  • A single female in heat can attract up to seven males whom will follow her for up to a month

  • Once pairs mate they are strictly monogamous

  • Females that fail to mate sometimes assist their sisters or mothers in raising pups

  • Gestation periods last 63 days

  • Average litter size is six pups

  • Males play an active role in raising the pups, but will abandon the pups if the female goes missing

  • Pups generally leave the family in August

Extra Facts: Canis latrans means "barking dog"

  • Coyotes' body language is a cross between a fox and wolf

  • Fights amongst females tend to be more aggressive than males because they fight on four paws whereas males fight on their back legs

  • There are eleven different vocal calls

  • Most coyote attacks are from hybrids of the species called coydogs or coywolves



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