Origin: North America
Lifespan: two to three years up to six years
Size: Adults are sixteen to twenty inches with a tail six inches
Adults weigh five to twelve pounds and have seasonal weight change
consisting of wild grasses and other vegetation, including berries.
in spring, they eat grubs, grasshoppers, insects, and snails
Reproduction: Groundhogs usually breed in their second year
breeding season is from March to mid- or late April. This is after hibernation
A mated pair will stay together in the same den until the birth of the young.
Gestation period is 31 days with about six offspring
The male leaves the den after the young are born
The female introduces the young to the wild once they grow fur and are no longer blind
The male returns to help encourage the young to copy the adult's behavior
Extra Facts: Groundhogs are also called woodchuck, whistle pig, Canada Marmot
Young are called Chucklings.
They alert other groundhogs using a high pitched whistle to warm the rest of the colony
One of a few species that enter true hibernation and often have a separate den for it.
Males emerge from hibernation in March to April
Females take longer than males to wake up from hibernation