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Red Fox

Vulpes vulpes

Origin: Present across the entire Northern Hemisphere; including the 

Artic circle to North Africa, North America, Europe, and introduced into Australia

Lifespan: Up to five years in the wild, and up to 15 years in captivity

Size: Adults weigh 5-30 lbs

Diet: Omnivorous

Activity: Crepuscular


  • Mostly monogamous

  • Breeds once a year in the spring

  • Gestation period  49-58 days

  • Average litter size is four to six kits, though litters of 13 have occurred

  • Mothers remain with kits 2-3 weeks while father brings back food for mother

  • Fathers will raise the kits in the absence of the mother

  • Lactation period lasts 6-7 weeks

  • The kits reach adult proportions at 6-7 months

Extra Facts:

  • Red foxes are the largest of the true foxes

  • Can reach a max running speed of 30 mph

  • Foxes have several scent glands that give them a musky odor

  • There are several color mutations: red, gray, blackish brown, silver, amber, platinum. and samson

  • Males are called dogs and females are called vixens

  • When frightened, Red Foxes appear to grin


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