White-tailed Deer

Odocoileus virginianus

Origin: All over the Americas, and parts of Europe 

Size: Males, known as bucks, average 150lbs, females, known as does, weigh around 100lbs

Diet: Herbaceous, they forage for plants, including shoots, leaves, cacti, prairie forbs, and grasses

deer can eat around 2,000 pounds of plant matter annually

known as a ruminant, they have a four chambered stomach that allows them the ability to consume poisonous mushrooms and ivy

Activity: Crepuscular and nocturnal

Reproduction: Breeding season, also known as the rut, takes place in late October

females can birth one to three young, known as fawns, 

the bucks compete for breeding rights.

Fawn are born with spots, they lose their spots in their first summer

average age for maturity is 18 months 


Extra Facts: White tailed-deer have many sent glands

the four main glands are the preorbital, forehead, tarsal, and metatarsal glands

  • They communicate through scent sound, body language, and marking

  • 1 in 10,000 females will grow antlers

  • males regrow their antlers every year 

  • predators include: wolves, cougar, alligator etc.

  • Deer are the primary host for the black-legged tick, which transmits Lyme disease bacterium to humans


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